Antibiotic resistance is a global problem, and so various countries and international players are working together to find sustainable solutions. An example of such initiatives is the global action plan adopted by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2015 to guide the work of member states on antibiotic resistance. The plan states that every country has committed to taking action in their own country within all sectors of society. The member countries of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) as well as the United Nations environment programme (UNEP) have also agreed joint guidelines for the work on combatting resistance. The EU also has the work against antibiotic resistance high on its agenda, with many different activities to support member states as well as for coordination with the aim to influence countries outside the EU. Sweden is and has been a leading country and contributes to strengthening others. At the Public Health Agency there is a WHO collaborating centre to support the global work.
Sweden is leading the international “Joint Programming Initiative on Antimicrobial Resistance (JPIAMR)” in which 29 countries are jointly supporting research into the development of antibiotics, diagnostics and ways to reduce antibiotic resistance.
In order to reduce the burden of infection and the use of antibiotics, Sweden's aid agency Sida works in a number of low and lower middle-income countries around the world to strengthen local health systems and secure access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene.
Sweden is also home to the European office of ReAct, the independent international network dedicated to the problem of antibiotic resistance. They work alongside many players in different countries, and have gathered practical advice and experiences from various countries on ways to combat antibiotic resistance with focus on low and middle-income countries.